Living on the edge in Leonardo’s Florence
Gene Brukker/ California Press 2005.
- The first born among the sons of Modern Europe: sharp, decisive, dramatic break (radical transformation). Mercantil capitalism, secularism, individualism vs. Middle Age. (agrarian, feudal, sacral).
- Here, now vs life/death.
- Feudal= man <->family, corporation.
- Relationships: spiritual, individual, recognizing himself.
- Italy’s radical break, + slowly, gradually selective.
Medieval men: feudalism, chivalry, courtly, money, marriage, trade, conflicts.
Relationship with people: power, relevance, Christian faith.
Free, independent, self conscious, aware, order/control/life.
Honor & fame
0 peace, stability
Black death -1/3 population.
In large measure, the History of the Families, aristocratic clans.
+injury = + fear
Buildings= civic pride
Banking, international commerce.
Studia humanitatis= promote rules, glorify achievements. One can see the rising tide of the men on social level & profession.
Nature/ Physical Universe
Humanism: Mastery/ media, wider audience, opponents vs antiquated style + aesthetics.
Math proportions= harmony & balance/ all arts.
Recovering literacy+ artistic heritage/ Antiquity:thinkers, science, knowledge: sufficient purposes.
Maturity and decline, terrestrian paradise.
Skilled & discipline on Arts.
Disapproval vs mediocrity
Industriousness vs talent, judgement, shrewd, quick money.
Glory & honor
Spanish monarchy+Roman Papacy= alliance/ control Italy.
- Repression, intolerance.
Relationship freedom to explore, innovate, challenge values of the Institutions -> anxiety vs uniformity. Supported culture.
Leonardo Da Vinci all interest, his confidence/ talents, sceptical knowledge: observation, experiment, set apart, scientific method, curiosity, excitement= fear & anxiety.
Intrepid explorer of unknown.
Leonardo Da Vinci affected by invasions/professional career.
Searching stable environment.
Cooperation & collaboration-> goals, social bonds.
North : reciprocity & networks: guilds -> coercive,invasion.
North Italy: progressive
South Italy: feudal
Confraternities common good: persons, propriety &business affairs.
Citizens/ free, counsel of public affairs, Amici protect himself from his enemies.
Honor & profit
Reducing the population (hunger, wars, taxs, conspirancies).
Our advice= our will.
Societies bourgeois vs liberal.
Manipulate political system, promoting city wide network of patron-client bands. Autonomy strategy.
Guilds= mercanzia (commercial & financial affairs, foundations.)
Reformers= vivere popolare, survive & prosper.
Elite= tax & foreign policy.
Fiducia: 3 foundations large capital mechanism, less risks, risks/ investing capital = honor obligations.
International trade & reprisals:
Italian business class: commercial needs, transactions validated, less law, secured law personality; collective liability/ debt, penalty vs bankcrupcy.
Structure: contingency / human history.
Popes= security x+ dominion= destruction, distrust, disobedience, unite vs. invader foreign.
Breach penalized “cedo boris”. Relationship economics: trust, institutions, protect market= revenues.
Desacralization oath -> fede.